Extraordinarymomentofforeigntrade:Yiwucross-bordere-commercepressesthepausebuttontostrengthenunemploymentforecastinDongguan
ZhaoPeng’scompanycaughtupinthefirsthalfandsecondhalfoftheepidemic.Duringthedomesticepidemic,manyfactoriesaffiliatedtoZhaoPeng,alargeapparelmanufacturerinYiwu,wereclosed,andtheturnoverofseveralofflinestoreswasalmostzero.Whenthedomesticproductionandsalessidegraduallyrecovered,overseasepidemicsbegantoexplode,andofflinestoresinEuropeandtheUnitedStatesclosed.AsaChinesesupplierofhigh-profilesportsbrandofflinestoresinEuropeandAmericaandalarge-scalelargesupermarket,ZhaoPengwascancelledallordersaftertheendofApril.AlsoinYiwu,duetotheclosureofAmazonandpoorlogistics,thecross-bordere-commercemerchantgroupinYiwuwaspressedthepausebutton.InDongguan,thedemandinEuropeandtheUnitedStates,whichaccountsfornearly40%ofDongguan’sexports,hasfallensharply.Someforeigntradeenterprisebosseshave“runaway”.Someenterpriseshavesuspendedproductionlinesorrecruitmentplans.TheDongguanHumanResourcesandSocialSecurityBureauisstrengtheningunemploymentmonitoringandunemploymentwarning.Inessence,duetothelackofproductioncapacityinthefactoryproductionline,someforeigntradecompanieshavetogiveupoverseasorders.Theepidemicisspreadingallovertheworld,andChina’sforeigntradehasreachedacriticalmoment?Expertssaidthatthetrendofrapidreductioninexternaldemandwillnotbereversedintheshortterm.Inthefuture,alargenumberofenterpriseswillsavethemselvesthroughlayoffsandothermeans.Thefocusofgovernmentpoliciesshouldbeturnedtohelpenterprisesstabilizeemployment.AbusinessownerinYiwusuggestedthatthepolicyofbailingoutforeigntradeenterprisesshouldnot”sprinklepeppernoodles”andmustbeprecise.”Theepidemiccaughtupinthefirsthalfandthesecondhalf,andallorderswerecancelledaftertheendofApril.”Thecompanyhasnotcompletelyrecoveredfromtheimpactofthedomesticepidemic.ZhaoPeng(pseudonym)’scompanywashitbytheoverseasepidemicagain.ZhaoPengisalargeapparelmanufacturerinYiwu.Duringthedomesticepidemic,thecontinuousfactoriesofhiscompanywereshutdown,andtheturnoverofdozensofofflinestoreswasalmostzero.Obviously,thecompanystillhastopayovertenmillionyuanamonth.”Everymonth,wehavetopaythebasicsalaryofmorethan2,000employees,wealsohavetopaybackthebankinterest,andtherearesomeotherbasicexpenses.”ZhaoPengsaid.Sincemid-February,afterexperiencingtheimprovementofdomesticepidemicpreventionandcontrolmeasures,ZhaoPeng’scompanybeganthelong-awaitedresumptionofwork,althoughthisprocesswasslow-first,theYiwuMunicipalGovernmentsetupnearly40resumptionworkgroupstogotoHelpingthecompany’semployeestoreturntothefactoryacrossthecountry,whileactivelyhelpingthecompanytoconnectwithfinancialinstitutions,reducethecreditrateandscoreduringtheepidemic.Thenthecompanyovercametheproblemofpoorindustrialchain,andtheproductionlinefinallyrecoveredgradually.Inessence,thecompany’sofflinestoresopenedoneafteranother,sellinghigh-endunderwearandotherproductsproducedbythecompany.Thedomesticepidemicpreventionandcontrolhasnotbeencompletelylifted,andthesalesofdomesticofflinestoreshaveevenimprovedsignificantly.”Marchwasoriginallythebestmonthforthecompany’sdomesticsalesinayear,especiallyonWomen’sDay,whichwasaround12millionadayinthecompanyinpreviousyears.However,thisyear’sWomen’sDaybudgetwasonly2.15millionyuan,andthesalesofmorethan1millionyuanwerestillrecommendedbyshopguidestoregularcustomersthroughWeChatandothermethods.Inotherwords,theactualbudgetofdirectstoresisonlymorethan1millionyuan,whichisone-tenthofthiskindinpreviousyears.”ZhaoPengsaid.ZhaoPengthoughtthataftertheimprovementofdomesticepidemicpreventionandcontrol,thedifficultdayswillsoonbeover.”Ouroriginaljudgmentwasthatthethree-monthoverlapperiodofthecompanyisabouttopass,andthedomesticmarketcanberestoredintwomonths,andtheinflectionpointofthecompany’sproductionandsalesisabouttocome.””However,thelarge-scaleoutbreakoftheoverseasepidemicexceededZhaoPeng’sexpectations.Aroundmid-March,throughtheseveresituationofEuropeanandAmericanepidemics,Adidas,Nikeandotherwell-knownsportswearbrandsannouncedtheclosureofpermanentstoresinEuropeandAmerica.AccordingtoarecentreportbyBloomberg,theUSretailindustryclosedmorethan47,000storeswithinaweek,andatleast90nationalretailersweretemporarilyinastateofsubstitution.Inthetideofclosingstoresoverseas,ChinesesuppliersoutsideWanlialsorealizedtheshockwaveoftheepidemic.Asadidas,Puma,Decathlonandotherwell-knownoverseassuppliersofsportswearofflinestores,ZhaoPeng’sproductsaresoldtomorethan20countriesinEuropeandAmerica.Inaddition,thecompanyalsosuppliesCostco,Lidl,KIKandotherlargesupermarketsinEuropeandAmerica.”Thelarge-scalesupermarketsthatwesupplytotheEuropeanandAmericanofflinesportsapparelstoresarebasicallyclosed.”Beingneverfullyaffectedbythedomesticepidemicsituation,ZhaoPengbegantoreceiveinformationfromoverseascustomerscancellingorders.”ExceptfortheAprilorderscurrentlybeingproducedbythefactory,aslongasithasbeenplaced,therearenoproductionorders,ororderspreparedbythecustomer,allarecancelled.”Thesecancelledordersarebasicallyautumnandwinterorders,accountingfor70%ofthecompany’sexportorders.ItcanbesaidthatthecompanybasicallyhasnoordersafterApril.”BeforebeinginterviewedbySaunaNightonMarch24,ZhaoPenghadjustreceivedacallfromacustomerfromtheUnitedStates,andtheotherpartyrequestedthatordersunderproductionalsobestopped.”Ourcompany’sdomesticandforeignbusinessaccountsforhalfofeach.Wecaughtupinthefirsthalfandsecondhalfoftheepidemic.Lookingnow,thecompanyexpectstoexceed50millioninthefirstquarter.”ZhaoPengsaid.Thecancellationofforeigntradeordersisacommonadvantageofthetextileindustryrecently.ZhaoPeng’scompanyalsosuppliesrawmaterialstodozensofgarmentfactories.Hehasrecentlybeguntoreceivecallsfromdownstreamfactoriestostopsupplying,“becausethesegarmentfactorieshaverecentlyreceivednoticesofrefundsfromEuropeanandAmericanmarkets.ZhaoPengestimatesthatitwilltake4to5monthsfortheEuropeanandAmericanepidemictobeeffectivelycontrolled.”Ofthegarmentfactoriesthatfocusonforeigntrade,80%oftheenterpriseswilllastuptotheendofApril.ItisestimatedthattoomanycompanieswillstartproductionsuspensionorlayoffsinApril.”Yiwu’scross-bordere-commercethatwaspressedthepausebuttonisnotonlyaChinesesupplierofofflinestoresinEuropeandtheUnitedStates.ChinesesuppliersintheEuropeanandAmericanonlineretailmarketarealsoclearlyawareoftheimpactofoverseasepidemics.OnMarch17th,ChinesesellersreceivedanemailnotificationfromAmazonthat”FBAnon-essentialmerchandisestoppedstorage.”Theemailstatedthatinordertoalleviatethesurplusofnecessities,medicalsuppliesandotheritems,fromMarch17toApril5,theFBAwarehouseatAmazon’sEuropeanandAmericansites(reporter’snote:Amazon’swarehouseprovidedtosellers)gaveprioritytoreceivingnecessitiesandmedicalcareSupplies,non-essentialsormedicalsuppliescannotcurrentlybesenttoFBAwarehouses.AccordingtoastudyreleasedbyMarketplacePulseinJune2019,40%ofAmazon’sbest-sellingproductscomefromChina.ThisAmazonpostonthewarehouseemailcausedastirintheWeChatgroupofChinesesellers.”ThisAmazonrulemeansthatnon-essentialnecessitiesoranti-epidemicmaterialswillnotbesoldbysellers,whichmeansthatwehavebeentemporarilypressedontheretailchannelinAmazoninEuropeandAmerica.”SunYong(pseudonym)isamemberoftheYiwuCross-borderE-CommerceAssociationandtheheadofacross-bordere-commercecompanyinYiwu.Hiscompanymainlysellsapparel,hats,shoesandotherdailynecessitiestotheEuropeanandAmericanmarketsthroughAmazon,eBayandthecompany’swebsite,withanannualturnoverofabout500million.Amongthem,Amazon’ssalesvolumesurrounded60%ofthecompany’sorders.BeforetheAmazonretailchannelwassuspended,Yiwu’scross-bordere-commerce,includingSunYong,hadbeenswimminginthelogisticssystem.Atthetimeofthespreadofthedomesticepidemic,EuropeandtheUnitedStatesreducedorsuspendedroutestoandfromChina.Withtheacceleratedepidemicinmanycountriesaroundtheworld,manycountriesandsomecitieshaveadoptedsealedcitiesandevenbannedforeignersfromenteringthecountry,andflightsfromChina,EuropeandtheUnitedStateshaverepeatedlydecreased.AccordingtotheforthcomingnewsfromtheCivilAviationAdministrationofChina,fromMarch29,eachdomesticairlinecanonlykeep1flighttoanycountry,andeachroutecannotoperatemorethan1flightperweek;eachforeignairlineoperatesThehighestairlinecanonlykeepone,andtheweeklyoperatingfrequencyshouldnotexceedone.”AfterthepausebuttonwasclickedonAmazon’ssaleschannel,EuropeanandAmericancustomersevenplacedthefollowingordersoneBayandourownwebsite,butmostoftheflightsfromChinatoEuropeandAmericaarenowgrounded.Therearestilltwoflightsinthefirstday,graduallyReducedtoonlyoneshiftaday,andthenmayonlysendoneshiftaweek.”SunYongsaidthatEuropeanandAmericancustomersgenerallyrequireChinesepackagestoarrivewithin15hours,fewerreplacementflights,packagescannotbedeliveredontime,andalargenumberofordersarecancelled.”Someparcelscanevenbesentout,andlogisticscostshaverisenalot.Theparcelssoldarelosingmoney.”TheproblemthatstillappearsisthatourparcelshavereachedEuropeandtheUnitedStates,andnoonehasdeliveredthemthere.”SunYongchecksthecompany’ssalesperformancereporteveryday,”thesalesdataisgoingdowneveryday,andtheordervolumedropsby50%to60%.”InYiwu,therearenotafewcross-bordere-commercecompaniesthatarefacingthesamebreakthroughasSunYong.Asa”worldsupermarket”,relyingonthefamousYiwuSmallCommodityCity,Yiwuhastraderelationswithmorethan200countriesandregionsaroundtheworld.Extremely,theYiwuMunicipalGovernmenthasvigorouslypromotedthedevelopmentofcross-bordere-commerce.Attheendof2018,Yiwu’sforeigntradeonlinemerchantaccountsexceeded140,000,andthedensityofforeigntradeonlinemerchantsrankedsecondinthecountry,withmorethan8millionparcelssentfromYiwutoallpartsoftheworldeveryday.InJanuary2019,Yiwuofficiallyopenedthecomprehensiveconstructionofacross-bordere-commercecomprehensivetrialarea,andthecityachievedatotalof2768e-commercetransactionsthatyear.9.2billionyuan.Amongthem,thecross-bordere-commercetransactionvolumewas753.9.8billion,anannualincreaseof15.16%.”TheEuropeanandAmericanmarketsareanimportantmarketforcross-bordere-commerceinYiwu.Manycross-bordere-commerceinYiwuarefacingthesamesituationasourcompany.Itisestimatedthatmorethan80%ofYiwu’scross-bordere-commercecanonlykeepasmallnumberoforders,andtheordervolumewilldropby2/3,whichwillbedifficultinthenextfewmonths.”SunYongsaid.AccordingtothedataoftheYiwuMunicipalGovernmentin2018,accordingtothetransactionvolume,theYiwue-commerceindustryprovided90,000directjobsandgeneratedmorethan180,000indirectjobs.Affectedbythedecreaseininternationalorders,somecross-bordere-commercecompaniesinYiwubegantoimplementarotationsystem.”Theemployeesofourcompanybasicallytakethreedaysoffandfourdaysoff,orsayonedayoff.Mr.Xu,theownerofacross-bordere-commerceenterpriseinYiwusaid.Dongguan,whichaccountsfor40%ofEuropeanandAmericanexports:StrengthenunemploymentmonitoringandunemploymentforecastInDongguan,morethan1,000kilometersawayfromYiwu,anemergencyplanforemployeediversionemploymenthasbeenformulatedtostrengthenunemploymentmonitoringandunemploymentwarning.AccordingtothedataprovidedbytheDongguanMunicipalBureauofCommercetoSaunaNight,Dongguan’sexportscaleranksfourthamongmajorcitiesinthecountry,accountingfor5%ofthecountryand19.5%oftheprovince.9%.Amongthem,theUnitedStatesandtheEuropeanUnionareDongguan’stopthreeimportanttradingpartners,accountingfor19exportstotheUnitedStatesin2019.5%,exportstotheEUaccountedfor18.7%.AffectedbytheepidemicinEuropeandtheUnitedStates,whichaffectednearly40%ofDongguan’sexports,someforeigntradeenterprisesinDongguantemporarilyclosedtheirbusinessorrecruitedworkers.Recently,the“runningroad”ofthePanduittoybosshasattractedattention.AccordingtoanannouncementissuedbytheDongguanChashanTownPeople’sSocialBureauonMarch23,PanduitToysisaHongKong-fundedenterpriseandwasestablishedin1992.Affectedbytransnationalcrimes,thecancellationofPanduitToys’foreigntradeordersledtoasuddendecreaseinthecompany’sbusinessvolume,abreakinthecapitalchain,theinabilitytomaintainnormaloperations,announcementofclosure,andarrearsinemployeesalaries.Inresponsetothelossofcorporatelegalpersons,thePeople’sandSocialAffairsBureauimmediatelyannouncedtheannouncementofescapingsalaryarrearsinthecompany’sfactoryarea.Followingthecity’srelevantpolicies,thefactoryrenterwilladvancethewagesofthecompany’semployees.Someforeigntradeenterpriseshavesuspendedproductionlinesandrecruitmentplans.Mr.Lin,abusinessmanfromTaiwan,China,producesLEDoutdoorlampsforaquacultureandsportsvenuesinafactoryinDongguan.Productsexportedto14Europeancountriesreplace85%ofthecompany’sexports,andproductsexportedtotheUnitedStatesaccountfornearly10%ofthecompany’sexports%.BeforetheSpringFestival,theworkersontheassemblylineofMr.Lin’sfactoryreturnedtotheirhometownfortheChineseNewYear.Withthedevelopmentofthedomesticepidemic,whenthefactoryproductionlineopenedinearlyMarch,lessthan20%oftheemployeesreturnedtothefactory.”Inthebeginning,Iwasparticularlyanxioustorecruitformalemployees,butthentheoverseasepidemicsituationdevelopedandouroverseasorderswerecancelledoneafteranother.Inaddition,duetopoorlogistics,manyoverseasorderscouldnotbesentout.Mr.Linsaidthatthecompanyhasalsosuspendeditsproductionlinetominimizelosses.OnepersoninDongguan’sbusinesscommunitytoldSauna.comthatthereduceddemandintheEuropeanandAmericanmarketsandthesevereobstructionofinternationallogisticshavecausedtheproductionlinesofsomepureforeigntradeexportcompaniesinDongguantobesuspended.”ThenewsIhavelearnedrecentlyisthatthereisaforeigntradeenterprisethatmakeshandbagelectroplatingjewelryspeciallyforthedistributionoffactoriesofforeignhigh-endhandbagbrands.Duetothedisruptionofoverseasorders,theproductionlineofthefactoryhasbeensuspendedafewdaysago.”Don’tDongguan’sforeigntradeenterprisesenteradifficulttime?InaninterviewwithSaunaYe.com,theDongguanMunicipalBureauofCommerceadmittedthattheproductioncapacityoftheenterprisesinDongguanhasbasicallybeenrestored.Theforeignepidemicsituationwillaffecttheglobalindustrialchain,supplychainandoverseasordersofDongguan’simportandexportenterprises.pressure.TheDongguanMunicipalBureauofCommercealsostatedthataccordingtothelawofpreviousyears,thefirstandsecondquarterswerethepeakseasonforholidayconsumptionandthepeakperiodforforeigntradecompaniestoreceiveorders.However,atpresent,manycountrieshaveadoptedimportcontrolmeasuresagainstChinesepeopleandChinesegoods.EnterprisesarerestrictedfromgoingabroadtonegotiatewithforeigncustomersinDongguan.Atthesametime,variousinternaltradefairshavebeengenerallysuspended,whichhasacertainimpactonthecompany’smarketdevelopment.Throughmonitoringandanalysis,thekeyenterprisesabovedesignatedsizeinthecityarelessaffectedbytheinternationalepidemicsituation,andsmallandmedium-sizedenterpriseshavebeenpenetratedbyshocks.”Atpresent,Dongguan’sforeigntradeexportcompaniesarefacingtoomuchpressure,andsomecompanieshaveadoptedmeasuressuchasshrinkingtheirscaletodealwiththecrisis,whichisinlinewiththeobjectivelawsofthemarketeconomy.Onthewhole,thebusinessofDongguanenterprisesisgenerallystable.”DongguanMunicipalBureauofCommercestatedthatitwillfurtherimprovetheproductionandoperationstatusofthemonitoredenterprises,adjusttheworkpointsandresponsemeasuresaccordingtothetimesandcircumstances,andstrivetoimprovethepertinenceandeffectivenessofhelpingenterprisesindifficulties.”Theabove-mentionedDongguanbusinessmenalsosaidthattheepidemicdidhaveacertainimpactonDongguan’sforeigntradeenterprises,buthowspecificthisimpactis,itisnoteasytoassessnow,andthisimpactissomewhatamplifiedbytheoutsideworld.Inresponsetotheunemploymentproblemcausedbypossiblelayoffsinsomeenterprises,theDongguanMunicipalHumanResourcesandSocialSecurityBureautoldSaunaNightnetthatDongguanhasformulatedanemergencyplanforemployeediversionofemployment.Strengthenunemploymentmonitoringandearlywarningofunemployment,andestablishamonitoringplatformfordamagedenterprisesatthethreelevelsofcities,townsandvillages.Focusonvisitingcompaniesthathavecollectiveshutdowneventsorcollectivepetitionsandothermassincidents,establishaledger,regularlytrackservices,andresolverisks.Atthesametime,theHumanResourcesandSocialSecurityBureauisalsostrengtheningthereserveofemploymentpositions.FaceBinepidemicsituation:Foreigntradeenterpriseslackofworkareafraidtotakeorders.Whilesomeforeigntradeenterprises’productionlinesaresuspended,someforeigntradeenterprisesareafraidtotakeordersduetolackofwork.Mr.HeistheheadofaforeigntradecompanyinYiwu.Thecompanyhascooperatedwithupstreamfactoriesfor20yearstoprovidecertaincategoriesofseamlessknittedgarmentsforallWal-MartsupermarketsinNorthAmerica.”Ourcompanyisnotparticularlyaffectedbytheoverseasepidemic,becausethecompany’scustomersaremainlylarge-volumewholesalecustomers.Theprocurementcycleofthesecustomersisatleastmorethanhalfayear,andevenmorethanoneyearinadvance.Forexample,whenpurchasingwinterorChristmasproductsinMarch,bythetimeofChristmas,theepidemicmayhavepassed.”InMr.He’sview,theepidemichasashortimpactoncustomerprocurementcyclesandhaslittleeffectonwholesaleChinesesuppliers,whileretailchannelsalesshouldbebasedontheimpactofquarterlyorshort-termChinesesuppliers.Whenmanyforeigntradeenterprisesweremainlyaffectedbytheoverseasepidemic,Mr.He’scompanyandcooperativefactorieswerestillaffectedbytheaftermathofthedomesticepidemic.”EveryNewYear,manyassemblylinefactoriesmaynotreturntothefactory.Itwilltakeaboutamonthforthefactorytore-employ,sothattheproductioncapacitycanberestoredto70or80%.Affectedbytheepidemicthisyear,itisevenmoredifficulttorecruitpeople.Inadditiontothelateresumptiontime,theresumptionrateofsomefactoriesthathavesuppliedmeisonly50%.Mr.Hesaidthattheproductioncapacityofthecooperativefactoryisinsufficient,andtheproductdeliverytimecannotkeepup.Onlypartoftheprofitcanbegivenasapreferentialcompensationtothecustomer.Inadditiontolong-termsupplytoWal-MartinNorthAmerica,Mr.He’scompanyalsosuppliesoverseasretailcustomers.”Thefactory’sproductioncapacitycan’tkeepup,wecan’ttakesomeretailordersorsmallordersnow.”Ourordervolumeandscoresinthesameperiodofthepreviousyearhavebeenreducedby10%to15%,mainlyfromretailcustomerswhocannotreceiveorders.”Foreigntradeenterprisessavethemselves:hoardinggoodsandturningtotheproductionandsaleofanti-epidemicmaterials,”SunYong,across-bordere-commercecompanyinYiwu,decidedtostandupagain.””Intwotothreemonths,itcanstillsurvive,andIdon’tplantolayoffstaffyet.”SunYong’sownfactorysuppliesthecompany’scross-borderretail.”Althoughordershavedecreased,wehavenotdeliberatelyloweredthefactory’sproductioncapacity.Weplantotemporarilyshipthegoodsforhalfayear.However,SunYongalsosaidthatthecurrentdecisionisbasedonthejudgmentthattheoverseasepidemicsituationhasbeeneffectivelycontrolledwithinthreemonths.Althoughthecompanyiscurrentlywellfunded,iftheepidemicofoverseasepidemicsexpandsformorethanhalfayear,”it’shardtosay.”PartofZhaoPeng’sproductionlineisalsoinfullswing-Costco,awell-knownAmericanwarehousingchainsupermarket,isstilloperating.ThisistheonlycustomerinZhaoPengthathasnotcancelledorders.”AftertheproductionofCostco’sordersiscompleted,ourproductionlinewillcontinuetoworkoninventory-ifnotinventory,thecompany’sdailyexpenditureofmorethan10millionyuanisequivalenttoalossinvain.Ifyoudoinventory,thesebasicexpensescanalsobespreadintotheinventory,waitingforthemarkettorecover.”ZhaoPengsaid.However,ZhaoPengplacedmorehopeontheoverseasordersofthemasks.Asalargeapparelmanufacturingcompany,ZhaoPeng’scompanyhasalong-termstrengthR&Dteamthatcandevelopseamlessmedicalmasks.”SomeoftheN95maskswehaverecentlydevelopedhavejustbeencertifiedbytheUSFDA.Ifputintoproduction,thefactorycanproduceabout600,000piecesaday.”Currently,ZhaoPeng’scompaniesathomeandabroadarepreparingforoverseasmaskorders.BranchesinEuropeandtheUnitedStatesareintheprocessofanticipatingmaskorderswiththelocalgovernment.Amongthem,acompanyintheUnitedStatesisbiddingfortheprocurementlistofthelocalgovernment’sepidemicpreventionmaterials.Oncethebidiswon,thereare10millionorders.”Whilethedomesticproductionlineiswaitingforoverseasorders,itisalsosteppinguptrainingforemployeesoftheoriginalclothingproductionline,andthenewmaskproductionlineisabouttostart.Recently,ZhaoPenggangandtheboardofdirectorsparticipatedinthediscussiononlayoffs.”Ifthereisnostableorder,noonecaneatmorethan10millionpermonth.Iftheordersforoverseasmasksarenotavailable,weplantocut30%oftheassemblylineworkers.Ifordersformasksfromoverseascomeup,thecompanywillnotlayoffemployees.”TherearenotafewforeigntradeenterpriseslikeZhaoPengwhoareconvertedintoepidemicpreventionmaterials.”Iwenttothecircleoffriendstoseethatmorethanadozencolleaguesstartedtoproducemasksbusiness-therearecompaniesthatoriginallyproducedsmalltools,thosethatproducehigh-powerpowersupplies,andthosethatproducevariouselectronicproducts.”Mr.Lin,theowneroftheaforementionedLEDmanufacturerinDongguan,alsostartedtheforeigntradebusinessofmasks,supplyingthepurchasedmedicalmaskstothelocalhospitalthroughtheSpanishbranch.”Salesmasksmustbeinspectedforquality.Nowemployeesofsomecompaniesaretrainedtogotothequalityinspectionofmasks,orsentouttopurchaseandfolloworders.”CanepidemicpreventionmaterialsbecomethestrawforChineseforeigntradeenterprises?Accordingtomediareportsinmid-March,Amazonhasannouncedthatithasmaskedmasks,handsanitizerandothernewcoronavirus-relatedproductsonitswebsite.eBayannouncedatotalbanonthesaleofmasksandhandsanitizerstopreventpricefraud.Inaddition,Wal-Martandothere-commercecompaniesarealsotryingtostopthird-partysellersfromdrivinguppricesforrelatedanti-epidemicproducts.”Almostalltheepidemicpreventionmaterialsareonsaleovernight.Onlyafterthesalesqualificationisreviewedontheforeigne-commerceplatform,thegoodscanbeputontheshelvesagain,andthepricewillbestrictlycontrolled.”Yiwucross-bordere-commerceSunYongsaid.InZhaoPeng’sview,switchingtoepidemicpreventionmaterialsisoneofthewaysforforeigntradeenterprisestosavethemselves,butnoteveryenterprisehassufficientself-helpcapabilities.”WehavetheabilitytodevelopmedicalmasksthatmeettherequirementsoftheEuropeanandAmericanmarkets,aswellasasalesnetworkthroughoutEuropeandtheUnitedStates.Howmanycompanieshavesuchcapabilities?Ibelievethatfewcompanieshavesuchcapabilities.”ZhaoPengsaid.TheaccuracyoftherescuedenterprisesAccordingtothelatestdatareleasedbytheNationalBureauofStatistics,Chinaexported2JanuarytoFebruarythisyear.04trillionyuan,down15.9%;tradedeficit425.900millionyuan,comparedwithasurplusof2934inthesameperiodlastyear.800millionyuan.Theimpactoftheoverseasepidemichasreversed,andcompaniesareundersignificantpressure,andtheexportscaleisnotoptimistic.Sincetheoutbreakofthedomesticepidemic,therelevantdepartmentshaveissuedanumberofpolicies.”Manypoliciesissuedbyrelevantdepartmentsarenecessary,butsomepoliciesalsoneedtobeadjustedandchangedinatimelymanner.YaoZhizhong,deputydirectoroftheInstituteofWorldEconomyandPoliticsoftheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences,believesthattheproblemfacingforeigntradecompaniestodayisasharpreductioninexternaldemand,andthistrendwillnotbereversedintheshortterm.Duringthisperiod,partofthepoliciesintroducedbydemocracylostitsgrasp.”Someenterprisesnowhavenoexports,andwithoutsufficientturnover,traditionalpoliciessuchastaxcutsandfeereductionswillnotbeeffective.”TheaforementionedYiwubusinessownerZhaoPengholdsasimilarview.”Policiessuchastaxreductionandfeereductionarehelpfultoalargenumberofenterprises,buttheyarenolongersuitableforforeigntradeenterpriseswhoseturnoverhasbeendeclining.Thepolicycannotbe’sprinkledwithpeppernoodles’,itmustbepreciseandtailoredfordifferenttypesofenterprises.ZhaoPengsuggestedthatthepolicyshouldfocusonthesurvivalofmedium-sizedenterprises.”Theimpactoftheepidemiconlargeandmedium-sizedenterprisesisfargreaterthantheimpactonsmallandmicroenterprises.Thestatehasissuedmanypoliciesforsmallandmicroenterprises.Manysmallandmicroenterprisescanenjoythepolicies.Onthecontrary,largeandmedium-sizedenterprisesthatneedtoreducecostsmostarenotsupported.”Nowthemedium-sizedforeigntradeenterprisesarethemostdifficult,buttheyhavetostartwork.”why?Withoutthestartofwork,thecompanymaysooncollapse.Whentheconstructionstarts,thecompanycanalsospreadthecostoftheexpendituretothehoardedproducts.Thequestionis,theepidemicinEuropeandAmericamaylastforfourorfivemonths.Howcanthesecompaniessustainit?”ZhaoPengpengmustfindwaystokeepmedium-sizedenterprises.”Comparedtosmallenterprises,medium-sizedenterpriseshavecorepatenttechnologyandcorecompetitiveness.Afterdecadesofbaptisminthemarketeconomy,thecountryfinallycultivatedmanyenterprisesandentrepreneurs.Forenterprises,manymanagementteamshaveformedthecurrentfightingstrengthaftermanyyearsofrunningin.Iftheseenterprisesfallintheepidemic,itisdifficulttoreproducesuchsupplementaryenterprisesandentrepreneursinashorttime.”So,howtoimprovetheaccuracyofhelpingcompanies?TangDajie,directoroftheresearchdepartmentofSaiYiEnterpriseResearchInstitute,hasbeenfollowingChineseenterprisesduringtheoutbreak.Inhisview,oneofthecharacteristicsofforeigntradeenterprisesisthattheircreditrecordsarerelativelycomplete.Banksandcustomshavestandardizedrecordsonthebusinessandcapitaltransactionsofforeigntradeenterprises.”Whenthegovernmentimplementshelppolicies,itcanusethesedatatoidentifythesituationofenterprises,implementtargetedmeasures,graduallyincreasethecreditlimit,increaseloansinproportion,anddirectlysubsidizepoststability.”YaoZhizhongiscritical.Theseverenessofexportthroughforeigntradewillleadtobankruptcyofenterprisesorlayoffstosavethemselves.Unemploymentwillbringaseriesofproblems.”Therefore,thefocusofthenextpolicyshouldbetohelpenterprisesstabilizeemploymentandreducebankruptcy.Thegovernmentcandirectlyprovidecertainsubsidiestocompaniesthatretainemployeesduringtheepidemic,andcanalsoprovideunemploymentbenefitstoemployeesthroughenterprises.Inadditiontogivingemploymentsubsidiestoenterprises,YaoZhizhongalsosuggestedthatbystimulatingdomesticdemandtoreducetheconsequencesofweakexternaldemand.”Appropriately,itisnecessarytoliftthecontroloftheepidemicassoonaspossible.Peopleflow,logistics,andenterprisesmustbeactivatedbeforeconsumptioncanbedriven.Atthesametime,toboostdomesticdemandthroughinvestment,thedirectionandfocusofinvestmentcanbenewinfrastructure,researchanddevelopmentinthefieldofcommunicationstechnology,etc.”Sauna,NightNetEditorHouRunfangYueCaizhouProofreadingChenDiyan